Corresponding author chenyj xtbg. Insect feeding location determines interactions between biotic and environmental stressors in trees. Large lianas and trees in the forest canopy are challenged by hydraulic and mechanical failures and need to balance hydraulic conductivity, hydraulic safety and mechanical safety. We conclude that canopy branches of lianas and trees diverged in mechanical design due to fundamental differences in wood formation, but converged in hydraulic design. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Dynamic surface tension of xylem sap lipids. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Handling Editor: Martinez-Vilalta Jordi.
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